Concluding entry

Upon reading my previous blogs and notes, I have learned the following:

  •  Knowing my own epistemological belief gives me a realization that it affects how i facilitate learning.
  • Intelligence has many types/kinds and it varies from one person to another. In the same way, an individual has different learning styles and practices during childhood towards adulthood .
  • Looking back at the teaching and learning practices influenced by behavioral theories, it helped me understand ways on how it can be used particularly in a classroom setting. I was able to share the The strategies for Using Behavior Analysis to Change behavior to my colleagues in school which gives us a whole lot of understanding towards our students behaviors.
  • with the help of the different models in achieving and enhancing Critical thinking skills, it helps me to practice higher order of thinking.
  • The topic about motivation and its underlying theories and perspectives helped me to use different strategies in the optimization of learning.

Above all, knowing my strengths and weaknesses towards my ability to learn makes me understand myself even more. How I can potentially use the different strategies and techniques in the improvisation of oneself and towards teaching other individuals especially my students paves way to the development of new learning experiences in an efficient and effective approach.






Based on the readings for this topic. How would you characterize your epistemological beliefs? How have these beliefs been facilitating or inhibiting the ways you learn?

First of all, I find this lesson very amusing and the whole experience in studying gives me a feel of excitement. 🙂 

I have read and viewed the videos provided about epistemology, its origin, the belief dimensions,types of knowledge, different perspectives from Perry,Kitchner and King , Ryan  and how epistemology is viewed in a non-philosophical context.

I have read the article about the Role of Adults Beliefs About Knowledge in school, work and in Everyday life by Marlene Schommer.  At first there is a quiz about the epistemological belief dimension. Here are my answers and notes.12962667_1117513214945603_538608987_o

The highlighted areas are the ones that I gave a higher percentage. The first dimension is about the control of learning. Inherited ability vs. Acquired ability. I have put a higher percentage in Acquired ability. Inherited ability means that there is a fixed ability to learn. A person with this kind of perspective tend to look or interpret failures as an inadequacy. It results in frustration then eventually giving up trying. Howsoever, a person with an acquired ability to learn views failures as an opportunity. These person has the magnified a mistake and has put interest in rectifying a solution using different strategies. These people are persistent. 

Speed of learning varies from one individual to another. According to Schommer, a strong believer of quick learning tends to put the value of time over the value of learning more.On the other hand, a person who strongly believes that learning is done gradually puts the value of learning more over  the time that it will take to be able to comprehend the study process. There is a strategic approach towards learning by not necessarily putting too much interest and weight unto when the process will be finished but rather to the account of the progress in which learning will take place. 

A strong believer that knowledge should be organized as isolated compartments or simple knowledge recalls information as close to  its exact definition whilst a person who believes that knowledge is interrelated and complex recalls facts a bit lengthy but with accuracy and elaboration.

Stability and certainty of knowledge shows whether it is unchanging or evolving. The first one means that answers are permanent and it can’t be changed. One answer is to one solution. Otherwise if the solution fails, it may also lead to disappointment and frustration. Our brain’s complexity allows us to figure out solutions to a certain problem by thinking of alternative strategies that should be used hence it is evolving and is flexible . 



After contemplating on the whole article, i took the quiz again. I managed to answer the first three questions with the same results however on my first quiz about Stability of knowledge, there is a higher percentage on the notion that a lot is yet to be discovered. My answer on the second quiz was that the stability of knowledge is constantly evolving. The reason for that is because although there  are many things that are yet to be discovered by humankind, bottom line is, it is Evolving which makes it the best answer among the two. 

My notes below shows the characteristics of my epistemological beliefs. These beliefs helps me facilitate learning in a more complex way. Since I believe that knowledge is interrelated,learning is done in a gradual manner, and that persistence is needed , sophisticated epistemology gives me an understanding that it is an integral part of my life especially on the way on how I learn and cope with different endeavors and challenges. 


How do you know if the person is intelligent?(How does an intelligent person behave?How does he learn?)

Intelligence varies from different people.It is a broad aspect wherein a person may showcase different kinds and level of intelligence. It is not one dimensional, meaning , it does not focus merely on one aspect of learning or even to how high a persons IQ level is or about how the person functions cognitively. It is multi dimensional which also affects  the behavior of a person, his emotions as well as how he reacts with a certain stimuli .

According to Howard Gardner, he states that ” …intelligence is the ability to solve problems to create products that are valued within one or more cultural settings” Thereby the intelligence of a person is also affected by the environmental factors and because of it, it comes in many forms.There are nine types of intelligence according to the latter. One person may acquire 2 or more. Nevertheless, this only means that our brain has the capability to function different cognitive abilities that may affect a person’s perspective and his ability to learn and think critically.

People who are intelligent, in general, has common characteristics or traits. According to , the following are qualities which are common among intelligent people.

  1. They are highly adaptable

An intelligent person can adapt to any situation and can take control of their own behavior in order to cope efficiently and effectively.

2.They understand how much they don’t know.

A person who knows his restrictions and limits reveals that they are not afraid to admit it thereby  showing a humble attitude.

3.They have insatiable thirst for curiosity.

Whenever I teach my students a Science lesson, I always look forward to their questions. I encourage them to ask at least one or two questions each so that everyone will have comprehension about the lesson. Being able to ask a question is indeed a good way in enhancing one’s ability to think critically.

4.They ask good question.

Of course an intelligent person asks a “right” question. It increases an individual’s ability to develop higher order thinking skills.

5. They are open-minded and skeptical at the same time.

They are open to new concepts of views, ideas and suggestion from another individual however they do not accept it on face value which only means that it needs to be backed up with evidences.

6. they are sensitive to other peoples experiences.

It only means that they take time to think first before reacting abruptly onto a certain situation or to a person.


Learning Theories

Who was your first teacher? What was your first classroom like? What is your remotest childhood memory? How long did it take you to retrieve those information? What does that reveal about the nature of long-term memory?

My mother is my first teacher. She taught me how to read and write letters and numbers before my formal education. I can still remember the book that she used for me which is the yellow ABKD book to be able to learn the letters, it’s sounds and the syllabication of words. I can read words when I was 3 years old. I was a salim-pusa, as my father would call it during my day care class. They enrolled me when I was 3 years old while my classmates were a year older than me. Whenever I go to class my father would leave me to my teacher (ihahabilin), and I f I didn’t see him outside the metal railings of my classroom, I will cry then my teacher will give me food or ice cream just to keep me calm.  My first classroom was located near the Municipal hall of our town. It is a day care center with a mini park in front of it. My remotest childhood memory was when I was playing in a small pail and decided to go in the pail. I was actually stucked inside and couldn’t move well. My mother took a picture of me then my father got me out of the pail. I think I was 3 years old when that happened.  It took me seconds to retrieve those information. Maybe because it is an experience that is  worth remembering. (who wanted to be stuck in a pail right ?:) )

Module 2 What are the potential implications of  learning styles and MI theories on teaching and learning practices?

Individuals have different styles on how they can learn and use that knowledge in an optimal way. Such individuals have also multiple intelligence that can be nurtured /ignored according to Gardner. In terms of learning practice, when an individual deciphers his learning style, he can improve his  practice. Knowing how a person can learn most and effectively can strengthen his/her intelligence thus improving and nurtures it. Mismatches may occur if an individual has difficulties in learning and by assessing one’s self he can develop ways and strategies on how to compensate for those weaknesses.


In Kolb’s Learning styles, there are 2 continuums by which encompasses the learning experience. Each learning stages and cycle can be used by educators to evaluate and improve the learning experience and opportunities of students. In that cycle, it gives emphasis on experience and how it a person may use it through the continuum in order to have effective learning.Each individual also is subject to series of assessment and modifications in order to improve the teaching -learning experience .

Module One: How do we know if a person has successfully learned? Fairer definition of “learning and academic achievement”

Learning as defined in Merriam Webster is the activity or process of gaining knowledge or skill by studying,practicing  being taught or experiencing something. In a Medical Dictionary, it is  the process of acquiring a modification in a behavioral tendency by experience (as exposure to conditioning) in contrast to modifications occurring because of development or a temporary physiological condition (as fatigue) of the organism. In terms of giving learning, a fairer definition, for me, it is a continuous process that is innate and molded through experience. It progresses as the individual change through the maturation(biological) process. It is done whether inside or outside the educational setting.It is broad as it touches the cognitive ,psychomotor and behavioral domain of an individual. A person has successfully learned if he can synthesize his learnings and use it in his daily life. Academic achievement on the other hand is an outcome of learning.It is objective and tangible. It can be in forms of awards,certificates or medals given to an individual who excels academically. Reference/s:

Module One: How have I myself learned in school and how do I learn ?

Every individual have different learning styles. Some would prefer to just listen to the professors during a lecture without even jotting down notes, while others would take all the precise notes. Others would’ve wanted to have music in the background while studying while some would like to have a library-type of learning environment. In my case I learn most effectively in a quiet environment.During sessions, I take down notes, read books and rewrite some of the contexts in order for me to retain important information.How the teachers provide information also affects how I learn. When teachers provide an exciting learning experience, most likely the students will be able to fully understand the topic and also it provides guided opportunities for them to promote a change in their own learning process through engaging experiences facilitated by the teacher.

How meaningful have scores been?

Module 4 E journal Prompt

Based on your personal experience, are scores able to effectively inform both teachers and students about learning progress in class?  Do teachers and students share common interpretations of scores? Or has it been a more common case that scores are mere numbers that are processed to fill in report cards?  

 It has been an ordinary part of teachers way of evaluating a certain lesson,that is, to render examinations, written or oral in order to know whether their students grasp the lesson well. It is actually one of the ways where our instructors (also,my own way) of assessing the knowledge and analyzing the depth of our (my) student’s understanding. It gives an objective response to their learning. Most scores are put in a numerical form thus provides an easier way of identifying whom among the students perform well or poorly in class also on what and which topic needs additional teachings and improvement before moving on in a more advanced topic.  

A scale and rubric is designed and used in order to interpret students’ test performance and it varies from different levels,courses and type of lesson/program of competency that needs to be evaluated and re-assessed.To be most useful, these scales should be written and introduced to students in a student-friendly language.

Recently, I was able to give my students classcards and a parent-teacher conference happened during the activity. In a K to 12 curriculum, we use letters as reference in students performance. In every letter , it has a corresponding range of grades. Using the range of grades, parents and students were able to know the standing of the child in each subject. Whether the child performs poorly, needs improvement, performs good or very good in each subject. Thus, it gives both parents together with their child, also teachers the chance to improve teaching – learning strategies allowing each individual to pursue a higher level of learning.

Do I want being Assessed?

How do you feel about being assessed?

I can still remember the days when I was studying nursing. I think the one of the most memorable part of it was the first time that we will be having a return demonstration about taking Vital signs! It is one of the basic topics in Nursing. And for my Clinical Instructors to be able to assess our knowledge and skills, we had a return demonstration. We were to demonstrate ,speak at the same time and answer the questions that they asked. My Oh my! Multitasking it is! My confidence level is not boosted and I felt nervous. Really nervous. Now whenever someone will assess me in terms of teaching or just assess me for another reasons, I try to compose myself, build up confidence, thinking how I practiced and the knowledge I attained about it, and try not to show how nervous I really am by breathing techniques and  by keeping a smile on my face.:)

Do you believe that you need to be assessed?

Of course! I do believe that I have a need to be assessed.Yes, I know my weaknesses and strengths but its better if someone can fully pinpoint my weaknesses and strengths knowing it from their point of view as well, and how I can manage to be better, making my weaknesses as strengths and making my strengths as a pillars for modification and change for the betterment.

Do you want to be assessed?

Y.E.S! It is a necessity especially in the teaching-learning process. In order for an individual to be efficient and effective in a line of work or study, assessment is definitely needed.Also for me to be able to foster skills, ignite critical thinking and self-awareness.

Module 2. Why is it important that assessment should undergo a cyclical rather than a linear progression?

Assessment cycle


It is important for assessment to be in a cyclical process in order to make necessary changes and improvement as the learning progresses. If the assessment is in linear progression, it is summative/evaluative hence there is no way in continuing and improving learning in the first place, it’s FINAL. Having it in a cyclical manner makes it understandable on how the process can be made effectively. Also, it is flexible as it can be adjusted when problems are known and clarified.

Resources: questions in the assessment cycle